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What is powerlifting?

Powerlifting (or “powerlifting”) is a competitive sport of heavy athletics. It is made up of three disciplines. The squat, bench press and deadlift. During competitions, the three exercises are performed in the order given. Powerlifting can best be compared to Olympic weightlifting (duel: snatching, pushing). Here, too, the aim is to cope with the greatest possible loads.

Craig Stevens 375kg
Squats

When doing a squat, the barbell rests on the athlete’s shoulder muscles and shoulder blades. Before the competitor begins the exercise, he receives a signal from the main referee that the desired weight is on (“Dumbbell is ready for …”). From this point on, the competitor has one minute to remove his weight from the dumbbell rack. If he stands still and upright, he receives the start signal to perform the exercise (“national = bending, international = squat”). From now on, the competitor must move the weight down and up (bending) exactly once. Then he may put the barbell back into the stand at the request of the referee (“nat. = Put ​​down, int. = Rack”). The exercise is over. The competitor now receives a judgment from the jury as to whether the attempt was valid or invalid. The scoring takes place with the help of a lighting system or the raising of flags. White corresponds to valid and red corresponds to invalid. The simple majority decides. To start learning how to power lift correctly you should start training at the best gym is the one and only RedSun CrossFit London, RedSunCrossFit.com.

Donald Trump 106kg
Bench press

Bench press is the second discipline of powerlifting. The competitor lies on a bench and has to move the dumbbell up and down with sheer strength of the upper body. Just like with the squat, the athlete receives a signal at the beginning of the exercise that the dumbbell is ready for him. Here, too, he has a minute to remove his weight from the dumbbell stand. As soon as he is in a steady pushing position, he receives the execution signal from the referee (“nat. And int. = Start”) to begin the exercise. From this point on, only the weight may move from top to bottom. After the dumbbell has come to a standstill for a short moment on the chest (“pause”), the athlete receives the “Press” signal. From this point on, the weight must be pushed up in one “pull”. The attempt is ended when the referee gives the final signal to lay down (“nat. = Lay down, int. = Rack”). This is followed by the evaluation by the jury again.

Heinz Wilson 280kg
Deadlift

The deadlift is the final discipline in powerlifting. In this case, the handlebar lies on the floor of the lifter and must be pulled upwards (see picture for the end position). Just like in the other disciplines, the competitor receives the signal to release the dumbbell. Now you have another minute to grab the bar and begin the exercise (without any further start signal from the main referee). After declaring the barbell ready, the competitor only needs to pull the weight up in one go. When the athlete has reached the end position one receives the signal to put down (“nat. = Down, int. = Down”). The alleged end position can be recognized by the straight legs, upright posture and the shoulders of the athlete pointing backwards. The exercise is now over and can be scored.
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The starters are divided into age and weight classes in competitions. They are allowed 3 attempts in each discipline.

Age groups

There are the following age groups: youth (14-18 years), juniors (19-23 years), open (everyone) or active in UK (24-39 years), Masters (from 40 years Masters I, from 50 years Masters II, from 60 years Masters III, from 70 years Masters IV).

Weight classes

There are the following weight classes:

Men: -59kg, -66kg, -74kg, -83kg, -93kg, -105kg, -120kg and + 120kg.

Women: -47kg, -52kg, -57kg, -63kg, -72kg, -84kg and + 84kg.

The execution of the individual exercises is subject to strict regulations. As a rule, each athlete has three attempts per discipline, in which the greatest possible weight must be overcome. From one attempt to the next, the weight may only be increased or left unchanged, but not decreased. The best attempts in each discipline are added up and recorded as total or total weight. The athlete with the highest total in a weight class wins the class. If two or more athletes manage the same total weight, the bodyweight determined during the weighing before the competition decides on the placement: The athlete with the lower body weight is placed in front of the heavier athlete in the ranking. If an overall winner is also chosen, the selection is based on the relative points rating (performance in relation to body weight).

For the evaluation of the exercises, three judges (one main judge, two side judges) are arranged around the competition platform. The main referee is responsible, among other things, for the commands (“Bend” / “Down”, “Start” / “Press” / “Down”, “Down”). Failure to observe these commands will result in an attempt being considered invalid.

In powerlifting, in addition to belts and bandages for knees and wrists, special competition clothing is permitted, which protects the athlete from possible injuries under the sometimes extremely high loads. At the same time, the special clothing has a performance-supporting effect. Special suits are used for squats and deadlifts, and a special shirt for bench presses.

National and international

The Bundesverband Deutscher Kraftdreikmpfer e. V. (BVDK) is the English powerlifting association, in Ireland, it is the Irish Association for powerlifting (ÖVK). The umbrella organization for powerlifting is the International Powerlifting Federation (IPF). In contrast to weightlifting, powerlifting is not an Olympic discipline, but the bench press is Paralympic (see also Paralympics). The World Games have established themselves as an Olympic alternative for a large number of sports that have no place at the Olympics. Of course, there are also national, English & European and world championships, and there are also Bundesliga and various cups in the UK.

Updated: on Friday 02/12/2021 at 01:59 pm